When I first read The Alchemy of Finance by George Soros, I thought his “theory of reflexivity” was absurd. It seemed to be an ex post facto. AA ~ George Soros (Trades, Portfolio) (via FT). The conceptual framework that Soros is referring to is reflexivity. Understanding what. In epistemology, and more specifically, the sociology of knowledge, reflexivity refers to circular . Economic philosopher George Soros, influenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper (), has been an active promoter of the.

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New Frontiers in the Sociology of Knowledge. The principle of reflexivity was perhaps first enunciated by the sociologists William I. Reported Speech and Metapragmatics. Reflexivity includes both a subjective process of self-consciousness inquiry and the study of social behavior with reference to relexivity about social relationships.

Thus for example an anthropologist living in an isolated village may affect the village and the behaviour of its citizens under study.

Reflexivity (social theory)

Economic philosopher George Sorosinfluenced by ideas put forward by his tutor, Karl Popper[2] has been an active promoter of the relevance of reflexivity to economics, first propounding it publicly in his book The Alchemy of Finance. In researching cultural practices reflexivity plays important role but because of its complexity and subtlety it often goes under-investigated or involves highly specialized reflexxivity. This is the opposite of the process described in textbooks and built into economic models, which always assume that financial expectations adapt to reality, not the other way round.

Objectification of people and cultures and analysis of them only as objects of study has been largely rejected in favor of developing more collaborative approaches that respect local people’s values and goals.

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Production as Social Change: The study of reflexivity fo that people have both self-awareness and creativity in culture. Retrieved from ” https: Actor—network theory Alliance theory Cross-cultural studies Cultural materialism Culture theory Diffusionism Feminism Historical particularism Boasian anthropology Functionalism Interpretive Performance studies Political economy Practice theory Structuralism Post-structuralism Systems theory.

For Bourdieu, therefore, reflexivity is part of the solution, not the problem.

A reflexive relationship is bidirectional with both the cause and the effect affecting one another in a relationship in which neither can be assigned as causes or effects. Reflexivity was taken up as an issue in science in general by Karl Popperwho called it the ‘Oedipal effect’, and more comprehensively by Ernest Nagel In epistemologyand more specifically, the sociology of knowledgereflexivity refers to circular relationships between cause and effectespecially as embedded in human belief structures.


Reflexivity, therefore, raises real issues regarding the extent to which the social sciences may ever be viewed as “hard” sciences analogous to classical physics, and raises questions about the nature of the social sciences. Performative and Reflexive Anthropology.

Symbolic types, mediation and the transformation of ritual context: Anthropologists by nationality Anthropology by year Bibliography Journals List of indigenous peoples Organizations. Moral Models reflexifity Anthropology. The reflexive imperative in late modernity.

In anthropology, reflexivity has come to have two distinct meanings, one that refers to the researcher’s awareness of an analytic focus on his or her relationship to the field of study, and the other that attends to the ways that cultural practices involve consciousness and commentary on themselves. Archaeological Biological Cultural Linguistic Social. Simonsros been debated as a major issue in relation to the Lucas Critiqueand has been raised as a methodological issue in economic science kf from the issue of reflexivity in the sociology of scientific knowledge SSK literature.

Nonetheless, many anthropologists have accused the “writing cultures” approach of muddying the scientific aspects of anthropology with too much introspection about fieldwork relationships, and reflexive anthropology have been heavily attacked by more positivist anthropologists. Retrieved 12 October Reflexivity about the research process became an important part of the critique of the colonial roots [12] and scientistic methods of anthropology in the “writing cultures” [13] movement associated with James Clifford and George Marcusas well as many other anthropologists.

Policy Sociology as a Public Good. Foucault argues that the concept of man emerged in reflezivity early 19th century, what he calls the geflexivity of Man”, with the philosophy of Immanuel Kant.

As with the feminist and anti-colonial critiques that provide some of reflexive anthropology’s inspiration, the reflexive understanding of the academic and political power of representations, analysis of the process of “writing culture” has become a necessary part of theogy the situation of the ethnographer in the fieldwork situation.

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More broadly, reflexivity is considered to occur reflexivit the observations or actions of observers in the social system affect the very situations they are observing, or theory being formulated is disseminated to and affects the behaviour of the individuals or systems the theory is meant to be objectively modelling. Annual Review of Anthropology. They can play with, comment upon, debate, modify, and objectify culture through manipulating many different features in recognized ways.


Reflexivity (social theory) – Wikipedia

One use of studying reflexivity is in connection to authenticity. While Archer emphasizes the agentic aspect of reflexivity, reflexive orientations can themselves be seen as being socially and temporally embedded. This is similar to the notion of autonomy. For several decades there was little sign of the principle being accepted in mainstream economic circles, theorry there has been an increase of interest following the crash ofwith academic journals, economists, and investors discussing his theories.

Invitation to a Reflexive Sociology.

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Human Reflexivity and Social Mobility. Reflexivity has emerged as both an issue and a solution in modern approaches to the problem of structure and agencyfor example in the work of Anthony Giddens in his structuration theory and Pierre Bourdieu in his genetic structuralism. Flanagan has argued that reflexivity complicates all three of the traditional roles that are typically played by a classical science: A high level of social reflexivity would be defined by an individual shaping their own norms, tastes, politics, desires, and so on.

Bourdieu argued that the social scientist is inherently laden with biasesand only by becoming reflexively aware of those biases can the social scientists free themselves from them and aspire to the practice of an objective science. Foucault examines the history of Western thought since the Renaissance and argues that each historical epoch he identifies 3, while proposing a 4th has an epistemeor “a historical a priori “, that structures and organizes knowledge.

This page was last edited on 22 Reflexivitgat The Credit Crisis of and What it Means 1st ed. Within that part of recent sociology of science that has been called the strong programmereflexivity is suggested as a methodological norm or principle, meaning that a full theoretical account of the social construction of, say, scientific, religious or ethical knowledge systems, should itself be explainable by the same principles and methods as used for accounting for these other knowledge systems.

This is an instance of a positive feedback loop. Reflexivity presents a problem for science because if a prediction eeflexivity lead to changes in the system that the prediction is made in relation to, it becomes difficult to assess scientific hypotheses by teorge the predictions they entail with the events that actually occur.