Obedece a la existencia de factores que operan sobre regiones u órganos perturbando alguna de las fuerzas que componen la ley de starling. Transcript of Edema. Edema. Tipos: Circunscrito Generalizado Definición Incremento clínicamente Alteración de las fuerzas de Starling. – Daño capilar. Edema Agudo Pulmonar No Cardiogénico (EAPnC): también denominado de capilar pulmonar, que ocasionará desequilibrio en las fuerzas de Starling, esto.

Author: Arashirr Gardajora
Country: Samoa
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 16 August 2011
Pages: 180
PDF File Size: 19.39 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.78 Mb
ISBN: 974-4-41770-784-5
Downloads: 21546
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Grosho

Edema by Gustavo Del Fabbro on Prezi

staring Similar decreases were evident in arteriole-arteriole anastomoses and starlimg Figure Starling can be credited with identifying that the “absorption of isotonic salt solutions from the extravascular space by the blood vessels is determined by this osmotic pressure of the serum proteins. These proteins are anchored to the extracellular matrix and cytoskeleton by associated linking proteins and are yet to be identified.

Pero no tienen receptores beta adr. All possible age-related changes in capillary density decrease, increase, or no change have been reported for both humans and rats, the subjects of virtually all available studies. In contrast, at least one study reported no age-related differences in coronary artery responses to ACh or nitroprusside have been observed in month-old male F rats [].

The predominant pathway for albumin and other proteins to enter the circulation is via the lymph. Klabunde Capillary Plasma Oncotic Pressure PC Because the capillary barrier is readily permeable edwma ions, the osmotic pressure within the capillary is principally determined by plasma proteins that are relatively impermeable.


Even within the gray matter of the cerebral cortex, sensory and association regions have higher densities of microvessels than motor regions; within a cortical region, layers and modules with greater cytochrome oxidase activity indicative of greater synaptic activity have higher capillary densities [72—74]. Die Gefabvermehrung im Zentralnervensystem.

Pero en el caso de prot peq too inflluye la carga. Spontaneous and stretch-activated vasomotion is present which serves to “pump” lymph. Decreases in cerebral microvasculature with age are associated with the decline in growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1. The entire parietal cranium has d removed.

Clearly, however, this type of microvascular plasticity is maintained into adulthood but sustained only poorly, if at all, during senescence [88].

Additionally, VEGF is upregulated in spatial and temporal coincidence with angiogenesis associated with various CNS pathologies [—] and is involved in exercise-induced neovascularization []. Data on vascular changes in the brain with aging are limited by the absence of highly controlled studies, as well as by the complexities common to gerontological investigations.

Several pharmacological agents promote microvascular growth and plasticity in the adult brain. Effects of age on endothelium-dependent vasodilation of resistance coronary artery by acetylcholine in humans. Microvascular plasticity in the adult cerebellum was also investigated to assess the influence of learning vs.

Vascular endothelial growth factor and the regulation of angiogenesis. Both factors exert a mitogenic effect on human microvascular endothelial cells in culture [, ]. Fox K, Zahs K.


Reduced release fkerzas nitric oxide to shear stress in mesenteric arteries of aged rats. A PET study with partial-volume correction. Greenough and colleagues also demonstrated that the associated increase in metabolic demand from this paradigm produces significant growth of new capillaries [79, 80], even after the end of the normal period of developmental angiogenesis [81].

Microcirculación y circulación linfática

Ann NY Acad Sci. In the latter case, plasma and tissue oncotic pressures may have a negligible influence on the net driving force. The surface area A is related to the length, diameter, and number of capillaries available for exchange.

Taken together, this indicates that Kv channels function to limit membrane depolarization and maintain resting vascular tone. To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. In the systemic circulation, both an increase and a decrease in nitric oxide synthase NOS activity have been reported [, ], as well as an age-associated decrease in agonist-induced vascular cGMP levels [, —].

ROS-sensitive cytochrome P activity maintains endothelial dilatation in ageing erema is transitory in dyslipidaemic mice.

Knox CA, Oliveira A. However, the analysis of capillary density can be more challenging, and exema introduction of stereological analyses may aid in the development of more precise analyses and resolve some of the current controversies.