Dyskeratosis congenita is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome classically characterized by the triad of mucosal leukoplakia, nail dysplasia, and abnormal. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Disqueratosis congénita | Este artículo debe citarse como: Nazar-Díaz-Mirón D, Navarrete-Fran-co G. The diagnosis of dyskeratosis congenita was made only after an evolution of five years. The diagnosis of dyskeratosis congenita–although it is a rare disease– should be considered in every child first seen with . Disqueratosis congénita.

Author: Akishicage Aragal
Country: Congo
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 15 December 2013
Pages: 61
PDF File Size: 1.11 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.32 Mb
ISBN: 973-6-70009-823-5
Downloads: 67192
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dikora

The patient was a year-old man, a shepherd, who was diagnosed of congenital dyskeratosis at that age, when consulted for an oral tumor which proved to be a squamous cell carcinoma.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Unamuno aME.

Genotype-Phenotype Correlations Genotype- phenotype correlations have not yet been studied comprehensively. From Monday to Friday from 9 a. Disqueratozis diffuse capillaritis after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for dyskeratosis congenita despite low-intensity conditioning regimen. Unraveling the pathogenesis of Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome, a complex telomere biology disorder. Dyskeratosis Congenita and Telomere Biology Disorders: SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field.

It is appropriate to evaluate apparently asymptomatic older and younger at-risk relatives of an affected individual in order to identify as early as possible those who would benefit from initiation of treatment and preventive measures.


Abnormal eyelash growth includes sparse eyelashes, ectropion, entropion, and trichiasis, which can lead to corneal abrasions, scarring, or infection if not treated.


Offspring of a proband. Differential Diagnosis Disorders with clinical features that overlap those of DC include the following. Mutations in TERT, the gene for telomerase reverse transcriptase, in aplastic anemia.

She died at age 12 years from multiorgan failure. Taurodontism enlarged pulp chambers of the teeth may be noted on dental x-ray. It may be a presenting sign found in childhood or it may develop over time. Click here for details on this testing.

Disqueratosis congénita ligada al cromosoma X

Management includes regular complete clinical examinations e. The diagnosis of FA rests on the detection of chromosome aberrations breaks, rearrangements, radials, exchanges in cells after culture with a DNA interstrand cross-linking visqueratosis such as diepoxybutane DEB or mitomycin C MMC.

Individuals with Diequeratosis who become pregnant may develop pancytopenia or existing cytopenias may worsen. If a male is the only affected family member i. Fourteen Years of Follow-Up. The offspring of an individual with autosomal recessive DC are obligate heterozygotes for a DC-related pathogenic variant.

The second child was a Caucasian girl who presented at age 21 months with severe aplastic anemia and underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Previous article Next article. He was also of short stature, suffered from hypotrichosis, premature greying, caries, chromosomal instability and medullary hypoplasia. Related Genetic Counseling Issues See Management, Evaluation of Relatives at Risk for information on evaluating disqueratosls relatives for the purpose of early diagnosis and treatment.


Bilateral exudative retinopathy seen in the Revesz syndrome variant can lead to blindness. Acquired aplastic anemia, characterized by tri-lineage bone marrow cytopenias [ Young et al ].

Dyskeratosis congenita – Wikipedia

Many proteins bind to the t-loop and others bind to those proteins to form a stable telomere “cap. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein polymerase reverse transcriptase that maintains telomere ends by addition of the telomere repeat TTAGGG.

Telomerase is a reverse transcriptase which maintains a specific repeat sequence of DNA disquwratosis, the telomere, during development. RTEL1 encodes regulator of telomere elongation helicase 1. Age at onset ranged from 10 to 31 years, and cohgenita clinical features included leukoplakia, nail dystrophy, and lacey reticular skin pigmentation.

Other search option s Alphabetical list. Affected individuals have an increased risk of aplastic anemia and malignancy.

Constitutional mutations in RTEL1 cause severe dyskeratosis congenita. Individuals with DC who do not have a pathogenic variant in one of the 11 known genes often have the most clinically severe phenotypes, including multiple features of DC, Hoyeraal Hreisdarsson syndrome, or Revesz syndrome [ Alter et alBallew et al aBallew et al bDeng et alLe Guen et alWalne et alGuo et alKocak et alMoon et alTummala et al ].