Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes or Cramp Balls: identification pictures ( images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar. Daldinia concentrica with centipedes Maybe you were a very bad boy or girl during the year, and all Santa Claus brought you for Christmas was a lump of coal in. King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, also known as Cramp Balls. This distinctive fungus grows on Ash trees.

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Retrieved 19 December There may be further information about this species available via dapdinia National Biodiversity Network Atlas. Never pick and eat any species of fungus that you cannot positively recognise or are unsure about.

These include daldinone A and a purple polycyclic pigment and a metabolite called concentricolwhich is oxidized squalene. Most sources agree that like tree ringsthese layers are related to seasonal growth.

Fichas Micol├│gicas ┬╗ Daldinia concentrica

Please enable JavaScript on your browser to best view this site. Fragments can be broken off to expose more embers and transferred to a tinder bundle to create an open flame.

Cobcentrica balls; Crampballs; King Alfred’s cakes. Concentrica refers to the concentrically zoned interior. These hyphae permeate the fungus’s food source, which may be soil, leaf litter, concentricq wood, dung, and so on, depending on the species 3. The fungus is ball-shaped, with a hard, friable, shiny black fruiting body 2 to 7 centimeters wide. Terms of Use – The displayed concentrixa may be used as a link from your website to Arkive’s online content for private, scientific, conservation or educational purposes only.

Lesser horseshoe bat Rhinolophus hipposideros. The nearly globose to hemispherical but often irregularly shaped fruit bodies are grayish-white to pinkish- brown at first.

The flesh is purple-brownish in colour 4and dark concentric rings are visible when the fungus is cut open 3.

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King Alfred’s cakes biology Fungi are neither plants nor animals but belong to their own kingdom. Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Help us share the wonders of the natural world. As concemtrica other fungi the light spores are distributed globally and the fungi develop wherever conditions are suitable – it lives on dead and decaying wood, and is a common, widespread saprotroph.

Black ascospores are ejected from these openings in great numbers, covering the surface of the fruit body and nearby surfaces. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: It resembles a chunk of coal, which gives it several of its common names, including coal fungus and carbon balls.

This environment and biodiversity awareness website about the flora and fauna of Malta is sponsored by:. Home Shape key Glossary.

Sign up to our newsletter Get daldniia latest wild news direct to your inbox. These are the openings of ascospore-forming structures called concentricca located just below the surface.

Fruit bodies cm wide. They are unable to produce their own food through the process of photosynthesisas plants do; instead, they acquire nutrients from living or dead plants, animals, or other fungi, as animals do.

During spring 2it can be found covered in a layer of sooty black spores ; these are released at night and can travel up to 2 cm away from the fruit body from which they were discharged.

Daldinia concentrica – Wikipedia

Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Africa cnocentrica, chimpanzeeconservationfilm cnocentrica, In the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. A related species, Daldinia vernicosahas a narrowed, stemlike sterile base beneath the fertile portion.

Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. Note the concentric zonation of the cut open specimens in the foreground.

Daldinia concentrica is said to resemble a cake left to this fate. The rings look rather like the growth rings in trees and, like tree rings, are thought to represent seasonal growth. During these asexual stages the fungus releases colorless spores called conidia which may appear whitish en masse.


The First Nature website has some good photos of the fungus, its asci and its spores. King Alfred’s cakes threats This fungus is not threatened. A zone of black spores formed around the central specimen. Organic compounds are made and oxygen is given off as a by-product. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

A single layer of perithecia is located just below the pimple-dotted surface. According to legend, King Alfred once hid out in a countryside homestead during war, and was put in charge of removing baking from the oven when it was done. Mature specimens of Daldinia concentrica on wood. Find out more For more information on King Alfred’s cakes, see: You can view distribution information for this species at the National Biodiversity Network Atlas.

Holly-leaved naiad Najas marina.

Daldinia concentrica

Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. The small bumps on the surface of the fruiting body are the necks of the perithecia – a Perithecium singular refers to the flask-shaped cavities that are formed within the carbonaceous stroma of sterile tissue.

You might break your teeth if you tried. The flesh of the fungus is purple, brown, or silvery-black inside, and is arranged in concentric layers. Some common names for this fungus are the coal fungus, carbon balls, cramp balls, or King Alfred’s cakes.