Badal Sircar (15 July –13 May ), also known as Badal Sarkar, was an influential Indian dramatist and theatre director, most known for. Girish Karnad (left) and Badal Sircar (second from right) inaugurating the third International Theatre Festival of Kerala in Photo courtesy. Badal (Sudhindra) Sircar continues to be an influential figure in Bengali, even Indian, theatre five years after his passing. He was from the educated middle.

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Rather, he wanted to rely only on voluntary donations from the audience. That is their participation. Badal Sirkar did experiments with theatrical environments such as stage, costumes and presentation and established a new generation of theatre called “Third Theatre”.

These plays still read well in Bengali and prove what a fine writer he was in his mother tongue. In fact, often he would himself translate and dictate to sitcar several paragraphs. Baba did not like two of his ‘oldest theatre disciples’ quitting the stage.

It is thus not an official version of Bengali theatre history, but a history from the grassroots, from the practitioners themselves, which accommodates multiple voices. Similarly, in the context of colonial and post-colonial India, it is considered to be an important player in bringing about a sense of cohesive national InBandopadhyay left Nandikar to form Nandimukh.

More Stories Cities, like dreams, are made of… It is in cities that the desires and fears of diverse multitudes come together to create… Share: He and his troupe moved away quietly from professional theatre and went into the streets, of siecar, with an interregnum, doing political theatre on an intimate scale at various small venues available; perhaps to test the waters. He was also keen on breaking the urban and rural divide.

Besides total and partial intertextuality, there is another kind of: Theatre also served as the platform where major ideological debates were played out to create and sustain a country which believes in social justice and equity. His impact on the alternative, activist theatre circuit in neighbouring Pakistan and Bangladesh is also significant. Two regions in India led this socially relevant theatre movement, namely Maharashtra and Bengal, which was then taken up by the entire country bdal the last century.


He would ask me to read out a few plays to him while lying in bed or would urge me to translate a few of his plays into English. As an actor-director he was the equal of Shambhu Mitra and Utpal Dutt, and like them he was a product of IPTA, an organisation he left intwo years after he formed his own group, Nandikar.

I was not too close to my father, neither was I detached from him. He always had money for bdaal productions.

The book focuses on various essentials which are a blend of earlier autochthonous modes of theatrical expression and the colonial European consciousness, which heightened the Bengali and Indian consciousness about ‘nation’, that brought about the national movement. I felt it would affect my individuality. The legacy Badal-da has wircar on, but his legacy lives on. To sitcar actor and director Amol Palekar, Badal-da was a great inspiration for his entire generation.

They were just made for each other. By then his movements were restricted, and he was almost completely confined to his room in his house in north Kolkata. This is not to claim a straightforward acceptance of his theory and practice in all instances — but to recognise that alongside critical appraisal there runs a widespread acknowledgement baadl this influence.

The misunderstood genius of Badal Sircar

But how was he as a person? Furthermore, it brings in diverse. Perspectives and challenges in Indian-English drama. These badzl histories are indicative of the relationship between the playwrights, plays and actors.

This led him to conceptualise what he called anganmancha or Third Theatre. Mancha nirdesher-er rakam sakam Variety of Stage Directions. Badal Sircar strove for the ideal of a truly democratic space for srcar — a non-commercial space where human beings could meet voluntarily as equals. Which is why even when we performed at poverty-stricken places we would go around with the chador. His Third Theatre movement was not only an experimentation. Ajitesh Bandopadhyay was another major force in the Bengali proscenium theatre that Badal Sircar would have to contend with.


The Times of India. We spoke of several things, but what came through clearly was his deep passion for and commitment to the theatre path he had chosen to walk for the past forty odd years. This milieu, he named Chakra. His work was now focused on serving a political and social purpose.

One may agree or disagree with the stance but then that is the point. They would chit-chat and discuss anything and everything under the sun. The usual approach was to present certain characters with definite identities and a story developed through the interactions between these characters. Kunju Kurup Shambhu Maharaj V. I belong to a generation, where some of our theatre likes its bare essentials to be unsponsored.

The theatre of Badal Sircar | Fountain Ink

In the next five years of its existence the troupe performed several of his plays and had a profound impact on contemporary theatre, especially after when it started performing plays both indoors and outside amidst people, and evolved the angan manch courtyard stage and inspired by the direct communication sircsr of Jatra rural theatre form, to eventually become his “Third Theatre”, a protest against prevalent commercial theatre establishment.

Sangeet Natak Akademi fellows.

Satabdi members would charge no fee, moving around with a chador sheet collecting voluntary contributions from villagers and city audiences.